Jump to   2017   2016   2015   2014   2013   2012   2011   2010   2009   2008   2007   2006   2005   2004   2003   2002   2001   Scientific commentaries on our work


Braem, S., Egner, T. (In Press). Getting a grip on cognitive flexibility. Current Directions in Psychological Science.

Tan, J., Yin, S., Wang, L., Chen, A., Egner, T. (In Press). Processing overlap dependent distracter dilution rather than perceptual load determines attentional selectivity. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics.

Whitehead, P.S., Egner, T. (2018). Cognitive control over prospective task-set interferenceJournal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 44, 741-755.

Bejjani, C., Zhang, Z., Egner, T. (2018). Control by association: transfer of implicitly primed attentional states across linked stimuli. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 25, 617-626.

Muhle-Karbe, P., Jiang, J., Egner, T. (2018). Causal evidence for learning-dependent frontal lobe contributions to cognitive control. Journal of Neuroscience, 38(4), 962-973.


Qiao, L., Zhang, L., Chen, A., Egner, T. (2017). Dynamic trial-by-trial re-coding of task-set representations in frontoparietal cortex mediates behavioural flexibility. Journal of Neuroscience, 37(45), 11037-11050.

Oh-Descher, H., Beck, J.M., Ferrari, S., Sommer, M.A., Egner, T. (2017). Probabilistic inference under time pressure leads to a cortical-subcortical shift in decision evidence integrationNeuroImage, 162, 138-150.

Korb, F.M., Jiang, J., King, J.A., Egner, T. (2017). Hierarchically organized medial frontal cortex-based ganglia loops selectively control task- and response-selection. Journal of Neuroscience, 37(33), 7893-7905.

Kiyonaga, A., Dowd, E.W., Egner, T. (2017). Neural representation of working memory content is modulated by visual attentional demand. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 29(12), 2011-2024.

Egner, T. (2017). Conflict adaptation: Past, present, and future of the congruency sequence effect as an index of cognitive control. In: T. Egner (Ed.), The Wiley Handbook of Cognitive Control , pp. 64-78. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell

Egner, T. (2017), The Wiley Handbook of Cognitive Control. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

Chiu, Y.C. & Egner, T. (2017). Cueing cognitive flexibility: item-specific learning of switch-readiness. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 43, 1950-1960.

Chiu, Y.C., Jiang, J., Egner, T. (2017). The caudate nucleus mediates learning of stimulus-control state associations. Journal of Neuroscience, 37, 882-892.

Mansouri, F.A., Egner, T., Buckley, M. (2017). Monitoring demands for executive control: shared functions between human and non-human primates. Trends in Neurosciences, 40, 15-27.

Dowd, E.W., Pearson, J.M., Egner, T. (2017). Decoding working memory content from attentional biasesPsychonomic Bulletin & Review, 24, 1252–1260.

Braem, S., King, J.A., Korb, F.M., Krebs, R.M., Notebaert, W., Egner, T. (2017). The role of the anterior cingulate cortex in the affective evaluation of conflictJournal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 29, 137-149.


Coutlee, C., Kiyonaga, A., Korb, F., Huettel, S., Egner, T. (2016). Reduced risk-taking following disruption of the intraparietal sulcus. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 10, 588. 

Jiang, J., Summerfield, C., Egner, T. (2016). Visual prediction error spreads across object features in human visual cortexJournal of Neuroscience, 36, 12746-12763.                                                                                               [Commentary] "How does expectation shape object-based attentional selection?" by Slama, S.J.K & Helfrich, R. (Journal of Neuroscience, 2017

Summerfield, C. & Egner, T. (2016). Feature-based attention and feature-based expectation. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 20, 401-404. 

Oh, H., Beck, J. M., Zhu, P., Sommer, M. A., Ferrari, S., & Egner, T. (2016). Satisficing in split-second decision making is characterized by strategic cue discountingJournal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 42, 1937-1956.

Weissman, D., Hawks, Z., Egner, T. (2016). Different levels of learning interact to shape the congruency sequence effect. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 42, 566-583.

Kiyonaga, A. & Egner, T. (2016). Center-surround inhibition in working memory. Current Biology, 26, 64-68.

Chiu, Y.C. & Egner, T. (2016). Distractor-relevance determines whether task-switching enhances or impairs distractor memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 42(1):1-5.


Cheadle, S., Egner, T., Wyart, V., Wu, C., Summerfield, C. (2015). Feature expectation heightens visual sensitivity during fine orientation discrimination. Journal of Vision, 15(14):1-13.

Jiang, J., Brashier, N., Egner, T. (2015). Memory meets control in hippocampal and striatal binding of stimuli, responses, and attentional control states. Journal of Neuroscience, 35:14885-14895.

Jiang, J., Beck, J.M., Heller, K., Egner, T. (2015). An insula-frontostriatal network mediates flexible cognitive control by adaptively predicting changing control demands. Nature Communications, 6: 8165, doi: 10.1038/ncomms9165.

Chiu, Y.C., Egner, T. (2015). Inhibition-induced forgetting results from resource competition between response inhibition and memory encoding processes.Journal of Neuroscience, 35, 11936-11945.

van Driel, J., Swart, J., Egner, T., Ridderinkhof, R., & Cohen, M. (2015).  (No) time for control: frontal theta dynamics reveal the cost of temporally guided conflict anticipation . Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 15, 787-807.

Reeck C., and Egner T. (2015). Interactions between Attention and Emotion. In: Arthur W. Toga, editor. Brain Mapping: An Encyclopedic Reference, vol. 3, pp.269-274. Academic Press: Elsevier.

Egner, T. (2015). Brain Mapping of Control Processes. In: A.W. Toga (Ed.), Brain Mapping: An Encyclopedic Reference, vol. 2, pp. 581-587. Academic Press: Elsevier.

Dowd, E. W., Kiyonaga, A., Egner, T., Mitroff, S. R. (2015).  Attentional guidance by working memory differs by paradigm: an individual-differences approach.Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 77, 704-712.

Dowd, E. W., Kiyonaga, A., Beck, J. M., Egner, T. (2015). Quality and accessibility of visual working memory during cognitive control of attentional guidance: a bayesian model comparison approach. Visual Cognition, 23, 337-356.

Reeck, C. & Egner, T. (2015).  Emotional task management: neural correlates of switching between affective and non-affective task-sets. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 10, 1045-1053.

Krebs, R.M., Boehler, C.N., De Belder, M., Egner, T. (2015). Neural conflict-control mechanisms improve memory for target stimuliCerebral Cortex, 25, 833-843.

Chiu, Y. & Egner, T. (2015). Inhibition-induced forgetting: when more control leads to less memoryPsychological Science, 26(1), 27-38.

Weissman, D., Egner, T., Hawks, Z., & Link, J. (2015). The congruency sequence effect emerges when the distracter precedes the target. Acta Psychologica, 156, 8-21.


Egner, T. (2014). Creatures of habit (and control): a multi-level learning perspective on the modulation of congruency effectsFrontiers in Psychology, 5, 1247.

Kiyonaga, A. & Egner, T. (2014). Resource-sharing between internal maintenance and external selection modulates attentional capture by working memory contentFrontiers in Human Neuroscience, doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2014.00670.

Weissman, D., Jiang, J., & Egner, T. (2014). Determinants of congruency sequence effects without leaning and memory confounds Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, .

Kiyonaga, A., Korb, F., Lucas, J., Soto, D., & Egner, T. (2014). Dissociable causal roles for left and right parietal cortex in controlling attentional biases from the contents of working memoryNeuroImage, 100, 200-205.

Mueller, J., Grigsby, E., Prevosto, V., Petraglia, F., Rao, H., Deng, Z., Peterchev, A., Sommer, M., Egner, T., Platt, M. & Grill, W. (2014). Simultaneous transcranial magnetic stimulation and single-neuron recording in alert non-human primatesNature Neuroscience, 17, 1130-1136.

Jiang, J., Heller, K., Egner, T.(2014). Bayesian modeling of flexible cognitive controlNeuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 46, 30-34.

Kiyonaga A. & Egner, T.(2014). The working memory stroop effect: when internal representations clash with external stimuliPsychological Science, 25(8), 1619-1629.

Jiang, J. & Egner, T.(2014). Using neural pattern classifiers to quantify the modularity of conflict-control mechanisms in the human brainCerebral Cortex, 24, 1793-1805.

De Bourbon-Teles, J., Bentley, P., Koshino, S., Malhotra, P., Egner, T., Husain, M., Soto, D. (2014). Thalamic control of human attention driven by memory and learningCurrent Biology, 24, 993-999.

Torres-Quesada M., Korb, F., Funes, M., Lupiáñez J., & Egner, T.(2014). Comparing neural substrates of emotional vs. non-emotional conflict modulation by global control contextFrontiers in Human Neuroscience, doi:10.3389/fnhum.2014.00066.

Summerfield, C. & Egner, T.(2014). Attention and Decision-making. In A.C. Nobre & S. Kastner (Eds), The Oxford Handbook of Attention. Oxford University Press (chapter 29, pp. 837-864).


Jiang, J., Summerfield, C., Egner, T. (2013). Attention sharpens the distinction between expected and unexpected percepts in the visual brainJournal of Neuroscience, 33(47):18438-18447.

Braem, S., King, J., Korb, F., Krebs, R., Notebaert, W., Egner, T. (2013). Affective modulation of cognitive control is determined by performance-contingency and mediated by ventromedial prefrontal and cingulate cortexJournal of Neuroscience, 33(43):16961-16970.

de Gardelle, V., Waszczuk, M., Egner, T., Summerfield, C. (2013). Concurrent repetition enhancement and suppression responses in extrastriate visual cortex.Cerebral Cortex. 23:2235-2244

Egner, T. & Summerfield, C.(2013). Grounding predictive coding models in empirical neuroscience research.Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 36:210-211.

Kiyonaga, A. & Egner, T.(2013)Working memory as internal attention: toward an integrative account of internal and external selection processes. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 20:228-242.


Soto, D., Greene, C., Kiyonaga, A., Rosenthal, C., and Egner, T.(2012). A parieto-medial temporal pathway for the strategic control over working memory biases in human visual attentionJournal of Neuroscience, 32(49):17563-71.

King, J., Donkin, C., Korb, F., Egner, T.(2012). Model-based analysis of context-specific cognitive controlFrontiers in Psychology. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00358

Jiang, J., Schmajuk, N., Egner, T. (2012). Explaining neural signals in human visual cortex with an associative learning modelBehavioral Neuroscience126(4), 575-581.

Kiyonaga, A., Egner, T., Soto, D. (2012). Cognitive control over working memory biases of selectionPsychonomic Bulletin and Review19, 639-646. Doi: 10.3758/s13423-012-0253-7.

King, J. A., Korb, F., Egner, T. (2012). Priming of control: implicit contextual cuing of top-down attentional setJournal of Neuroscience, 32(24): 8192-8200.

Trübutschek, D., Egner, T. (2012). Negative emotion does not modulate rapid feature integration effectsFrontiers in Psychology, 3, 100. Doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00100

Reeck, C., LaBar, K., Egner, T. (2012). Neural mechanisms mediating contingent capture of attention by affective stimuliJournal of Cognitive Neuroscience 24,(5): 1113-1126 .


Egner, T. (2011). Surprise! A unifying model of dorsal anterior cingulate function?Nature Neuroscience, 14(10): 1219-1220. .

Reeck, C., Egner, T. (2011). Affective privilege: asymmetric interference by emotional distractersFrontiers in Psychology, 2, 232. Doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00232 

Egner, T. (2011). Right ventrolateral prefrontal cortex mediates individual differences in conflict-driven cognitive controlJournal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 23(12): 3903-3913 .

Etkin, A., Egner, T., Kalisch, R. (2011). Emotional processing in the anterior cingulate and medial prefrontal cortexTrends in Cognitive Sciences, 15, 85-93.

Krebs, R. M., Boehler, C. N., Egner, T., Woldorff, M. G. (2011). The neural underpinnings of how reward associations can both guide and misguide attentionThe Journal of Neuroscience, 31(26): 9752 - 9759.


Egner, T., Monti, J. M., Summerfield, C. (2010). Expectation and surprise determine neural population responses in the ventral visual streamJournal of Neuroscience, 30(49): 16601-16608.

Egner, T. (2010). Motor control: Exploring the neurochemistry of subliminal inhibitionCurrent Biology, 20: R852-853.

Egner, T., Ely, S., Grinband, J. (2010). Going, going, gone: characterizing the time-course of congruency sequence effectsFrontiers in Psychology, 1, 154. Doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2010.00154
[Commentary] "Once bitten, twice shy: on the transient nature of congruency sequence effects" by van den Wildenberg, Ridderinkhof, and Wylie (Frontiers in Psychology, 2012)

Monti, J.M., Weintraub, S., Egner, T. (2010). Differential age-related decline in conflict-driven task-set shielding from emotional versus non-emotional distractersNeuropsychologia, 48: 1697-1706. 

Pollak, D.D., Rogan, M.T., Egner, T., Perez, D.L., Yanagihara, T.K., Hirsch, J. (2010).  A translational bridge between mouse and human models of learned safety.   Annals of Medicine, 42: 127–134.


Mohanty, A., Egner, T., Monti, J., Mesulam, M.M. (2009). Search for a Threatening Target Triggers Limbic Guidance of Spatial Attention. Journal of Neuroscience, 29 (34): 10563-10572.

Summerfield, C. & Egner, T. (2009). Expectation (and attention) in visual cognition. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 13 (9), 403-409.

Egner, T. (2009). Prefrontal cortex and cognitive control: motivating functional hierarchies. Nature Neuroscience, 12 (7), 821-822.


Summerfield C, Trittschuh EH, Monti JM, Mesulam MM, Egner T. (2008). Neural repetition suppression reflects fulfilled perceptual expectations. Nature Neuroscience, 11, 1004-6.

Egner T, Monti JM, Trittschuh EH, Wieneke CA, Hirsch J, Mesulam MM. (2008). Neural integration of top-down spatial and feature-based information in visual search. Journal of Neuroscience, 28, 6141-51.
[Commentary] "Sources of Spatial and Feature-Based Attention in the Human Brain" by Peelen and Mruczek (Journal of Neuroscience, 2008) 

Egner T, Etkin A, Gale S, Hirsch J. (2008). Dissociable neural systems resolve conflict from emotional versus nonemotional distracters. Cerebral Cortex, 18, 1475-84.
[Commentary] "Conflicting emotions" by Welberg (Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 2007)

Egner, T. (2008). Multiple conflict-driven control mechanisms in the human brainTrends in Cognitive Sciences, 12, 374-80.


Egner, T. (2007). Congruency sequence effects and cognitive control. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 7, 380-390.

Stern, E.R., Wager, T.D., Egner, T., Hirsch, J., Mangels, J.A. (2007). Preparatory neural activity predicts performance on a conflict task. Brain Research, 1176, 92-102.

Kross, E., Egner, T., Ochsner, K., Hirsch, J., Downey, G. (2007). Neural dynamics of rejection sensitivity. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 19, 945-956.

Egner, T., Delano, M., Hirsch, J. (2007). Separate conflict-specific cognitive control mechanisms in the human brain. Neuroimage, 35, 940-948.

Egner, T. and Raz, A. (2007). Cognitive Control Processes and Hypnosis. In G. Jamieson (Ed.), Hypnosis and Conscious Sates: The Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective. London: Oxford University Press (pp. 29-50).


Summerfield, C., Egner, T., Greene, M.S., Koechlin, E., Mangels, J.A., Hirsch, J. (2006). Predictive codes for forthcoming perception in the frontal cortex. Science, 314, 1311-1314.
[Commentary] "Visions of faces" by Welberg (Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 2007)

Etkin, A., Egner, T., Peraza, D.M., Kandel, E.R., Hirsch, J. (2006). Resolving emotional conflict: A role for the rostral anterior cingulate cortex in modulating activity in the amygdale. Neuron, 51, 871-882.

Summerfield, C., Greene, M.S., Wager, T.D., Egner, T., Hirsch, J., Mangels, J.A. (2006). Neocortical connectivity during episodic memory formation. PLoS Biology, 4 (5): e128.

Summerfield, C., Egner, T., Mangels, J., Hirsch, J. (2006). Mistaking a house for a face: Neural correlates of misperception in healthy humans. Cerebral Cortex, 16, 500-508.

Gruzelier, J., Egner, T., Vernon, D. (2006). Validating the efficacy of neurofeedback for optimizing performance. Progress in Brain Research, 159, 421-431.

Sterman, M.B., Egner, T. (2006). Foundation and practice of neurofeedback for the treatment of epilepsy. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 31, 21-35.

Egner, T., Sterman, M.B. (2006). Neurofeedback treatment of epilepsy: From basic rationale to practical application. Expert Reviews in Neurotherapeutics, 6, 247-257.


Gruzelier, J., Egner, T. (2005). Critical validation studies of neurofeedback. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 14, 83-104.

Egner, T., Hirsch, J. (2005). Cognitive control mechanisms resolve conflict through cortical amplification of task-relevant information. Nature Neuroscience, 8, 1784-1790.
[Commentary] "Neural mechanisms of attention and control: losing our inhibitions?" by Nieuwenhuis and Yeung (Nature Neuroscience, 2005)

Egner, T., Hirsch, J. (2005). Where memory meets attention: Neural substrates of negative priming. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 17 (11), 1774-1784.

Egner, T., Jamieson, G., Gruzelier, J.H. (2005). Hypnosis decouples conflict monitoring and cognitive control functions of the frontal lobe. Neuroimage, 27, 969-978.

Nunez, J.M., Casey, B.J., Egner, T., Hare, T., Hirsch, J. (2005). Intentional false responding shares neural substrates with response conflict and cognitive control. Neuroimage, 25, 267-277.

Egner, T., Hirsch, J. (2005). The neural correlates and functional integration of cognitive control in a Stroop task. Neuroimage, 24, 539-547


Williamon, A., Egner, T. (2004). Memory structures for encoding and retrieving a piece of music: An ERP investigation. Cognitive Brain Research, 22, 36-44.

Egner, T., Zech, T.F., Gruzelier, J.H. (2004). The effects of neurofeedback training on the spectral topography of the electroencephalogram. Clinical Neurophysiology, 115, 2452-2460.

Egner, T., Gruzelier, J.H. (2004). The temporal dynamics of electroencephalographic responses to alpha/theta neurofeedback training in healthy subjects. Journal of Neurotherapy, 8, 43-57.

Egner, T., Gruzelier, J.H. (2004). EEG Biofeedback of low beta band components: Frequency-specific effects on variables of attention and event-related brain potentials. Clinical Neurophysiology, 115, 131-139.

Gruzelier, J.H., Egner, T. (2004). Physiological self-regulation: Biofeedback and neurofeedback. In A. Williamon (Ed.), Musical Excellence: Strategies and Techniques to Enhance Performance. London: Oxford University Press (pp. 197-219).


Egner, T., Gruzelier, J.H. (2003). Ecological validity of neurofeedback: modulation of slow wave EEG enhances musical performance. Neuroreport, 14, 9, 1221-1224.

Vernon, D., Egner, T., Cooper, N., Compton, T., Neilands, C., Sheri, A., Gruzelier, J.H. (2003). The effect of training distinct neurofeedback protocols on aspects of cognitive performance. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 47, 75-85.


Egner, T., Strawson, E., Gruzelier, J.H. (2002). EEG signature and phenomenology of alpha/theta neurofeedback training versus mock feedbackApplied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 27 (4), 261-270.


Scientific commentaries on our work

Commentary: "How does expectation shape object-based attentional selection?" by Slama, S.J.K & Helfrich, R. (Journal of Neuroscience, 2017discussing "Visual prediction error spreads across object features in human visual cortex" (Jiang, J., Summerfield, C., Egner, T., Journal of Neuroscience, 2016).

Commentary: "Memory-guided attention in the anterior thalamus" by Leszczynski, M. & Staudigl, T. (Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 2016) discussing "Thalamic control of human attention driven by memory and learning" (De Bourbon-Teles, J., Bentley, P., Koshino, S., Malhotra, P., Egner, T., Husain, M., Soto, D., Current Biology, 2014).

Commentary: "Once bitten, twice shy: on the transient nature of congruency sequence effects" by van den Wildenberg, Ridderinkhof, and Wylie (Frontiers in Psychology, 2012) discussing "Going, going, gone: characterizing the time-course of congruency sequence effects" (Egner, Ely, & Grinband,  Frontiers in Psychology, 2010).

Journal Club: "Sources of Spatial and Feature-Based Attention in the Human Brain" by Peelen and Mruczek (Journal of Neuroscience, 2008) discussing "Neural integration of top-down spatial and feature-based information in visual search" (Egner, Monti, Trittschuh, Wieneke, Hirsch, & Mesulam, Journal of Neuroscience, 2008)

Research Highlight:  "Conflicting emotions" by Welberg (Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 2007) discussing "Dissociable neural systems resolve conflict from emotional versus non-emotional distracters" (Egner, Etkin, Gale, & Hirsch, Cerebral Cortex, 2008)

Research Highlight: "Visions of faces" by Welberg (Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 2007) discussing "Predictive codes for forthcoming perception in the frontal cortex" (Summerfield, Egner, Greene, Koechlin, Mangels, & Hirsch, Science, 2006) 

News & Views: "Neural mechanisms of attention and control: losing our inhibitions?" by Nieuwenhuis and Yeung (Nature Neuroscience, 2005) discussing  "Cognitive control mechanisms resolve conflict through cortical amplification of task-relevant information" (Egner & Hirsch, Nature Neuroscience, 2005)